Champagne is typically made from three types of grapes: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Pinot Meunier. The grapes are harvested and then pressed to extract the juice, which is then fermented in large stainless steel tanks or oak barrels.
After the initial fermentation, the wine is bottled with additional yeast and sugar, and then sealed with a crown cap. This triggers a second fermentation process, which produces carbon dioxide and creates the bubbles in the wine.
The bottles are then stored horizontally in cellars for a minimum of 15 months, but many high-quality Champagnes are aged for several years to develop complex flavors and aromas. During this time, the bottles are regularly rotated and turned, a process called "riddling," to help remove sediment and yeast from the wine.
When the aging process is complete, the bottles are disgorged to remove the sediment and then corked with a mushroom-shaped cork and a wire cage to hold it in place.
Champagne is often associated with celebrations and luxury, and it is enjoyed around the world as a symbol of refinement and sophistication. There are many different styles of Champagne, ranging from dry and crisp to sweet and fruity, so there is something to suit almost every taste.